Wednesday, June 16, 2021

Getting results from dynamically built SQL statements

get results from dynamic sql

I have written about executing dynamic generated SQL in a RPG program before, all of the examples were to do something and not to return results from those statements.

This post will show how you can build SQL Select statements in a variable, execute them, and get the results returned.

I need to give credit to Hassan Farooqi for providing me with the information to show a simple way to do this. The code is based upon examples he shared with me. His were far more complicated than what I am showing here, but I just want to show simple of examples of what you can do. You can make yours as complicated as you like.

All of the examples have three steps:

Tuesday, June 15, 2021

Getting to message queue data faster

getting data from message queue using sql table function faster than view

Prior to the latest round of Technology Refreshes for 7.4 and 7.3 if I wanted to get the data from a particular message queue I would need to use the MESSAGE_QUEUE_INFO SQL View. Being a View it contains all the data from all of the message queues, not just the one I would be interested. If I wanted to retrieve the messages from one message queue it would take a while for the results to be found and returned.

There is now a MESSAGE_QUEUE_INFO Table function. Table functions are faster than Views as they are sort of like an API, I pass the message queue name to the Table function and only that message queue is searched for the information I want.

The results returned by the View and Table function are almost identical. The only difference is that the View returns columns for the name of the message queue and the library it resides. As I pass that information to the Table function it is irrelevant to its results.

MESSAGE_QUEUE_INFO Table function has four parameters:

Thursday, June 10, 2021

Happy 8th birthday!

Wow! Another year has passed and RPGPGM.COM celebrates its eighth birthday today. I know I act surprised every year, I do so for two reasons:

  1. I cannot believe that another year has passed!
  2. There is more interesting IBM i stuff I have not written about yet

Despite lockdowns and COVID I have an exciting year:

Wednesday, June 9, 2021

Send messages to the QSYSOPR message queue with SQL

send_message to qsysopr msgq

One of the many things that caught my eye in the latest round of Technology Refreshes for 7.4 and 7.3 is a way to send messages to the System Operator message queue, QSYSOPR, using a SQL procedure, SEND_MESSAGE.

Before I used the Send Message command, SNDMSG, to do this:

SNDMSG MSG('Message from SNDMSG command') TOUSR(*SYSOPR)


                        Additional Message Information

From . . . . . . :  SIMON         Severity . . . . . :  80
Message type . . :  Information
Date sent  . . . :  DD/DD/DD      Time sent  . . . . :  TT:TT:TT

Message . . . . :   Message from SNDMSG command

This new SQL procedure, SEND_MESSAGE, must use a predefined message that must have one substitution parameter that is defined as *CHAR *VARY 2.

My first thought was to use the CPF9898 message, but that has a severity of 40, and it is fixed length of 512.

I decided to create my own message I could use. To avoid any confusion with any existing messages in any messages files I created my own message file, and added my message to it:

Wednesday, June 2, 2021

Creating PDF using SQL

generate pdf file from spool file using new sql

Several years ago I wrote about how to convert spool files to PDF in the IFS. It still remains one of the most popular posts in this blog. With the latest round of Technology Refreshes for 7.4 and 7.3 there is now a way I can generate PDF from spool files using SQL.

I have several spool files I can see using the Work With Spool Files command, WRKSPLF:

                         Work with All Spooled Files


Opt  File        User        Queue       User Data   Sts
 _   QPRTSPLQ    SIMON       MYOUTQ                  RDY
 _   QSYSPRT     SIMON       MYOUTQ      Testing     RDY
 _   QPQUPRFIL   SIMON       MYOUTQ                  RDY
 _   QSYSPRT     SIMON       MYOUTQ                  RDY

I can get the same information using SQL too using the View OUTPUT_QUEUE_ENTRIES_BASIC, which gives me a subset of the columns that are available in OUTPUT_QUEUE_ENTRIES, which makes it faster to return the results: